Amazonite is an opaque, green-blue to green variety of microcline Feldspar. The presence of lead causes it to be either solid blue-green or blue-green striped with white. Albite, orthoclase and plagioclase Feldspars of similar color also occur and Amazonite may be confused with any of these and also with some of the Jade minerals, Chrysoprase or Turquoise.
On the market
Amazonite may be found in pink, yellow, gray or red, but the deeply colored green-blue variety is most desired by collectors. Like other Feldspar, Amazonite most commonly has a vitreous luster and displays an optical effect in the form of a silky sheen.
Early mineralogists speculated that the main source of Amazonite was near the Amazon river, but this is incorrect. The stone is common all over the world and commercially significant deposits can be found in Madagascar, India, Russia, Brazil, Myanmar, Canada, South Africa, Namibia, Ethiopia, and the US. Trade names for Amazonite include Amazon stone and Amazon jade.
Metaphysical properties of Amazonite
Amazonite is thought to ease tension in relationships. The stone calms the heart and allows the wearer to perceive different sides of an issue to allow for a peaceful resolution to a conflict. Amazonite worn over the heart is believed to awaken compassion and ease the emotions of anxiety and stress to create balance and positivity.
Treatments and Enhancements
Amazonite is not typically treated or enhanced, but all Feldspar is sensitive to acid, brine and other chemicals. Stones for jewelry are occasionally irradiated to enhance their color, and may be waxed to improve their luster so they should never be ultrasonically or steam cleaned.. Since these gems are fairly soft, Amazonite should never be worn during strenuous activity to reduce the risk of breaking them.
Amazonite Gemstones and Jewelry
Amazonite is very delicate and has perfect cleavage. It is commonly used for beads, and stones must be set with extreme care in jewelry that is not subject to pressure or impact. Because it is easily broken, Amazonite is typically set with prongs rather than bezels to allow for replacement.